Machine Learning Algorithm for a Link Adaptation strategy in a Vehicular Ad hoc Network
Keywords:VANET, Machine Learning, Link adaptation, WAVE, V2V, V2I, Neural Network
Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) were created more than eighteen years ago with the aim of reducing accidents on public roads and saving lives. Achieving this goal depends on VANET mobiles exchanging Road State Information (RSI) with their surroundings and acting on the received RSI. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that transmitted messages are accurately received. This requires controlling the quality of the sharing medium or link while considering Channel State Information (CSI), which provides information on channel quality and Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR). The process of adjusting the payload based on the CSI is known as Link Adaptation (LA). While several LA works have been published in VANETs, few have considered the effect of relative node mobility. This work presents a link adaptation strategy for VANETs that uses a Neural Network (NN) and the Levenberg-Marquardt Algorithm (LMA). While accounting for Doppler Shift effect induced by the relative velocity, the simulation results demonstrate that the NN approach outperforms its peers by 77%, 115% and 853% in terms of the transmitted errors, model efficiency and throughput respectively, compared to Cte, ARF, and AMC algorithms.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Iberamia & The Authors
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Inteligencia Artificial (Ed. IBERAMIA)
ISSN: 1988-3064 (on line).
(C) IBERAMIA & The Authors